[TOEFL iBT] Danh sách từ vựng – Vần B

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BANAL

Lacking in freshness, originality, or vigor-bored by his banal remarks.

Synonyms: commonplace, hackneyed, prosaic, trite, stereotyped, vapid

Antonyms: racy, original, vivid

BANEFUL

(noun: BANE: poison; source of harm): Destructive, poisonous – a baneful effect, causing serious injury.

Synonyms: deleterious, pernicious, virulent, noxious, toxic

Antonym: beneficent

BANTER

Good-natured teasing or ridicule-The two wits I exchanged banter, to the amusement of the audience.

Synonyms: raillery, chaff

BATON

A stick or staff – The conductor wielded his baton gracefully.

BELIE

To give a false idea of – His gracious manner belled his. evil purpose.

Synonym:misrepresent

BELLICOSE

Inclined to quarrel; warlike – His bellicose attitude often got John into fights.

Synonyms: pugnacious, contentious, disputatious

Antonyms: pacific, conciliatory

BELLIGERENT

Engaged in war – two belligerent nations warring fiercely.

BENEVOLENT

Kindly; charitable – like a benevolent monarch, bestowing many favors.

Synonyms: benign, benignant, gracious, magnanimous

Antonyms: malevolent, malignant

BEREAVE

To deprive or leave desolate by loss – a widow just bereaved of her husband.

BESMIRCH

To soil or dirty – besmirched his opponent’s good name with vile epithets.

Synonyms: stilly, defile, smirch, bespatter

BIASED

Prejudiced – misled by a biased point of view.

Synonyms: bigoted, arbitrary, partial, partisan

Antonyms: disinterested, equitable

BIBLIOPHILE

A lover of books – The bibliophile fingered the old book fondly.

Antonym: bibliophobe

BIZARRE

Queer; unusual in appearance- bizarre clothes, outlandish in the extreme.

Synonyms: odd, fantastic, grotesque, eccentric

BLAND

Gentle; polite; agreeable – a bland diet, without irritating foods.

Synonyms: mild, suave (affable or persuasive in manner), soothing, non-irritating

Antonyms: piquant, tart, racy, caustic, acrid, pungent

BLANDISHMENT

A flattering speech or act – attracted people by his blandishments.

BLEMISH

(verb): To scar or spoil – Bad associates blemished his character

(noun): A disfigurement, defect – a character without a blemish.

BLIGHT

To ruin or decay – the rotting wheat-, blighted by incessant rain.

Synonyms: wither, blast

BLITHE

Gay and light-hearted in spirit or mood – spread cheer with her blithe spirit.

Synonyms: jocund, merry, joyous

Antonyms: dejected, forlorn, abject

BOG

A swamp – sank into the spongy bog.

Synonyms: morass, fen, quagmire, mire

BOMBASTIC

(noun: BOMBAST): High-sounding; pretentious in language – a bombastic speech, inflated with meaningless high-flown words.

Synonyms: ranting, pompous, fustian

BOORISH

Unrefined in speech or manners – exhibited the boorish manners of a backwoodsman.

Synonyms: churlish, uncouth. uncultured, crass

Antonym: suave

BUCOLIC

Pertaining to the country – a bucolic poem de- the joys of the shepherd.

Synonyms: pastoral, rustic, rural

BUFFOON

A clown – acting like a buffoon, full of ludicrous tricks.

Synonym: harlequin

BULWARK

An embankment used as a fortification – a lofty bulwark for defense.
Synonym: rampart
A person, idea, or object serving as a protection – acted as a bulwark in the fight against crime.

BUMPTIOUS

Obnoxiously conceited or self-assertive – a bumptious monitor, puffed up with his own importance,

Synonyms: aggressive, arrogant, contumelious, overbearing

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