[TOEFL iBT] Danh sách từ vựng – Vần F

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FACADE

Front or face, especially of a building – a facade of marble.

FACETIOUS

Given to joking or inappropriate gaiety; said in fun – brightened the evening with his facetious remarks.

Synonyms: jocose, droll, flippant, frivolous

Antonyms: solemn, grave, saturnine

FALLACIOUS

(noun: FALLACY): Unsound; misleading; deceptive – led astray by fallacious reasoning and plans.

FALLIBLE

Liable to make mistakes or be deceived – Being human, Tom was naturally fallible.

Antonyms: infallible, unerring

FATHOM

To penetrate and understand – difficult to fathom his mysterious actions.

FATUOUS

Foolish; silly – a fatuous suggestion that struck us as stupid.

Synonyms: inane, vacuous, puerile

Antonyms: judicious, sagacious, sage

FEALTY

Faithfulness – The soldiers were pledged to fealty to their ruler.

Synonyms: allegiance, constancy, fidelity

Antonyms: disloyalty; infidelity, treachery

FEASIBLE

Workable – a feasible plan, proved practical by – previous experience.

Antonym: impracticable

FEIGN

(noun: FEINT): To pretend – He feigned to be angry, but we saw through his pretense.

Synonyms: dissemble, sham, dissimulate, affect

FELICITY

(adj.: FELICITOUS):

(1) A state of happiness – promoted felicity in the nation.

Synonym: bliss

(2) A high ability – lie has a felicity of language, mastery of the well-chosen phrase.

FERVID

Spirited; ardent – a fervid debater, full of emotion.

Synonyms: perfervid, impassioned, zealous, fervent, vehement

FESTOON

(noun): A garland of flowers, leaves, etc. hung between two points – the room bright with festoons of Thanksgiving decorations.

(verb): To hang with festoons – a room festooned with spring flowers.

FETISH

(1) Something that is believed to have magical powers – savages worshipping the fetish in a ceremonial dance.

Synonym: charm, talisman, amulet

(2) An object of unreasoning devotion and worship – Photography, begun as a hobby, became a fetish.

FIASCO

A ludicrous and complete failure – all his glorious plans ending in a fiasco.

Synonym: debacle

FICTITIOUS

Unreal; made-up – used a fictitious name to avoid being recognized.

Synonym: fabricated

FLACCID

Lacking firmness – muscles grown flaccid after the illness.

Synonyms: flabby, limp

FLAGRANT

Outstandingly bad – condemned for his flagrant abuse of power.

Synonyms: glaring, scandalous, notorious, conspicuous, gross

FLAMBOYANT

Elaborately showy – written in a flamboyant, style, full of highly decorative imagery.

Synonyms: florid, ornate, resplendent, embellished, garish, gaudy, gorgeous, rococo

Antonym: somber

FLAUNT

Display or wave boastfully – flaunted the excellent report before his delighted parents.

FLEETING

Passing swiftly -the fleeting hours of happiness

Synonyms: transitory, fugitive

FLUCTUATE

To waver from one course to another; to vary irregularly – his mood fluctuating with every hour.

Synonyms: oscillate, vacillate, undulate, sway

FORBEAR

(noun: FORBEARANCE): To exercise self control; to keep from – forbearing to shoot the animal despite temptation.

Synonyms: restrain, abstain

FORENSIC

Pertaining to public discussion or law courts – a lawyer gifted in forensic debate.

Synonyms: rhetorical, oratorical

FORTUITOUS

Accidental – a fortuitous meeting with a friend in need.

Synonyms: casual, incidental, adventitious, random

FRACAS

A disorderly quarrel – A fracas broke up the meeting.

Synonyms: brawl, altercation, fray, wrangle, imbroglio

FRUSTRATE

To prevent (the attainment of an object); to defeat or render ineffectual – His scholastic progress was frustrated by a serious illness.

Synonyms: balk, thwart, foil, baffle, obstruct, discomfit

Antonym: abet

FULSOME

Disgustingly excessive – nauseated by fulsome praise.

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