[TOEFL iBT] Danh sách từ vựng – Vần H

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HAIL

To greet – The crowd hailed the returning hero.

Synonyms: accost, salute

HARANGUE

(verb): To deliver a long. noisy speech- harangued the multitude.

Synonyms: rant, declaim

(noun): A loud, tiresome speech – an empty harangue which bored his audience.

Synonym: tirade

HARBINGER

A forerunner; ail announcer – the robin, harbinger of spring.

Synonyms:precursor, herald

HAUGHTY

Proud; looking down with contempt on others – dismissed the messenger in a haughty manner.

HEEDLESS

Thoughtless; taking little care – rushed into battle, heedless of the danger.

Synonyms: inadvertent, rash, incautious

Antonyms: prudent, circumspect, mindful, wary

HEINOUS

Wicked; hateful – committed a heinous crime.

Synonyms: atrocious, outrageous, monstrous, odious, nefarious, abominable

HERESY

An opinion held in opposition to the traditional view – a view condemned as heresy.

Synonym: heterodoxy

Antonym: orthodoxy

HIATUS

A gap or vacancy; break -left a hiatus on the page where he erased a sentence.

Synonym:breach

HISTRIONIC

Pertaining to the theater; designed for show – broke into histrionic laughter, hollow and insincere.

Synonyms: dramatic, theatrical

HOAX

(noun): A trick or deception; a practical joke – played a hoax upon the credulous public.

Synonym: canard

(verb): To play a trick on; to deceive – He hoaxed the crowd completely with his disguise.

HOMONYM

Two words having the same sound but different meanings – confusing such homonyms as mail add male.

HOVEL

A dirty or wretched dwelling – born in a hovel, died in a mansion.

HYPERBOLE

Extravagant exaggeration for effect – An example of hyperbole: “There are a million objections to the project.”

Synonym: overstatement

Antonym: understatement

HYPOTHESIS

An assumption made for the sake of argument – worked from a fantastic hypothesis.

Synonym: supposition

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