[TOEFL iBT] Danh sách từ vựng – Vần R

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RACONTEUR

A skilled storyteller – held spellbound by a superb raconteur.

RADICAL (noun): One who advocates extreme basic changes – The reform movement was led by a radical.

(adj.): Thorough, extreme – radical measures adopted to meet the emergency.

Antonym:(noun and adj.) conservative

RAMIFICATION

A branching; sub-division – studied the subject in all its ramifications.

RAZE

To tear down completely- razed the old building.

Synonyms:level

Antonym:rear

RECAPITULATE

To restate in a brief, concise form; to sum up – recapitulated the main ideas.

RECIPROCAL

Mutual; done in return for something received – held each other in reciprocal esteem.

RECUMBENT

Lying down; leaning back or down – resting in a recumbent position.

REDOLENT

(1) Fragrant – a room redolent of roses.

Synonym: aromatic

(2) Reminiscent of – redolent of olden times.

REDOUBTABLE

Commanding fear or respect – cringing before a redoubtable enemy.

Synonym:formidable

REFUTE

To prove incorrect or false-refuted his opponent’s argument.

Synonyms:rebut, confute

Antonyms: substantiate, confirm, corroborate

REITERATE

Repeat (several times) – reiterated his story once more.

REMUNERATIVE

Profitable – a remunerative job.

Synonyms: lucrative, gainful

RENEGADE

One who forsakes political or party principles or his religious faith – a renegade from his former allegiance.

Synonyms: turncoat, apostate, recreant, traitor

REPRISAL

Injury inflicted in turn for one received – took action in reprisal against his neighbor.

Synonym: retaliation

RESENTMENT

Feeling of displeasure or indignation resulting from mistreatment or abuse – showed resentment at what he considered an unwarranted insult.

Synonyms: umbrage, dudgeon, animosity

RESILIENT

Elastic; light-hearted; possessing power of recovery – a resilient Spirit, refusing to admit defeat.

Synonyms: flexible, pliable, supple, limber

RESPITE

(1) Temporary deferment or cessation of work or pain – a brief respite from labor.

Synonym: surcease

(2) A temporary delay in the execution of -a sentence – granted the doom man a temporary respite.

Synonym: reprieve

RETRIBUTION

The reward or punishment exacted for an injury, wickedness, or other action – suffered just retribution for his folly.

Synonyms: requital, nemesis

RETRIEVE

(1) To make good -retrieved a mistake.

(2) To recover -retrieved the suitcase left at the station.

(3) To restore – retrieved his lost fortunes.

REVERBERATE

To echo – a shot reverberating through the valley.

Synonym: resound

RUDIMENTARY

In an early stage of development – possessing only a rudimentary, knowledge of physics.

Synonym: incipient

RUE

(adj.: RUEFUL): To be sorry for-He will rue the day he left home.

Synonyms: regret, repent

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