[IELTS] Danh sách 4000 từ vựng cơ bản IELTS – Phần 2

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Sau đây là danh sách 4000 từ vựng IELTS – phần 2 mà bạn cần nắm vững trước khi tham gia kỳ thi thật. Chúc các bạn may mắn!

baby-sitter:
n.
(baby-sitter) person engaged to care for children when the parents are not home

bachelor:
n.
(cử nhân) unmarried men; the first or lowest academic degree conferred by universities and colleges

backbone:
n. Syn. support; mainstay
(xương sống) support; mainstay; vertebrate spine or spinal column

backward:
a.
(lạc hậu) directed to the back or rear; unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; undeveloped

bacon:
n.
(bacon) back and sides of a pig salted and smoked

bacterium:
n.
(vi khuẩn) single celled organism with no nucleus

badge:
n.
(huy hiệu) distinctive mark, token, or sign worn on the person

badminton:
n.
(cầu lông) game played on a court with light long-handled rackets

baffle:
v. Syn. frustrate; perplex
(vách ngăn) frustrate as by confusing or perplexing; impede force or movement of

baggage:
n. Syn. luggage; packing
(hành lý) trunks, bags, parcels, and suitcases in which one carries one’s belongings while traveling; luggage

bait:
v. Syn. harass; tease
(mồi) harass; tease; lure, entice, or entrap

bake:
v.
(nướng) prepare, as food, by cooking in a dry heat, either in an oven or under coals, or on heated stone or metal

balance:
n. Syn. equilibrium; symmetry; stability
(cân bằng) being in equilibrium; equilibrium; symmetry; stability

balcony:
n.
(ban công) platform projecting from the wall of a building

bald:
a. Syn. hairless
(hói) hairless; lacking a natural or usual covering

ballet:
n.
(ballet) a sort of theatrical representation by dancers

balloon:
n.
(bóng) large non-rigid bag filled with gas or heated air

ballroom:
n.
(vũ) large room used mainly for dancing

bamboo:
n.
(tre) plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries

band:
n. Syn. orchestra; team
(nhạc) orchestra; team; strip; ribbon; belt; unite; ally

bandage:
n.
(băng) strip of woven material, used in dressing and binding up wounds

bang:
n.
(bang) a vigorous blow; a conspicuous success

banker:
n.
(ngân hàng) person in charge of the bank in a gambling game; one who owns or is an executive in a bank

bankrupt:
a.
(phá sản) penniless, without any money; financially ruined

banner:
n. Syn. flag; sign
(biểu ngữ) flag; sign; a newspaper headline that runs across the full page

banquet:
n. Syn. feast
(tiệc) feast; entertainment of eating and drinking

bar:
n. Syn. caf‚
(thanh) a counter where you can obtain food or drink; cafe; strip; stick

barber:
n. Syn. haircutter; shaver
(thợ) haircutter; one whose business is to cut hair and to shave or trim beards

bare:
a. Syn. naked; nude
(trần) lacking the usual or appropriate covering or clothing

barely:
ad. Syn. just; only
(chỉ) just; only; hardly; scarcely

bargain:
n.
(mặc cả) agreement between parties concerning the sale of property

barge:
n. Syn. flatboat
(sà lan) flatboat; long, large boat for transporting freight that is unpowered and towed or pushed by other craft

bark:
n. Syn. yelp; howl
(vỏ) sound made by a dog; harsh sound uttered by a dog

barn:
n.
(barn) an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals

barometer:
n.
(phong vũ biểu) instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere

baron:
n.
(trùm) title or degree of nobility

barrel:
n. Syn. vessel
(thùng) vessel; large cylindrical container

barren:
a. Syn. desolate
(cằn cỗi) desolate; fruitless and unproductive; lacking

barrier:
n. Syn. obstacle; hindrance; hurdle
(rào) obstacle; structure built to bar passage; boundary or limit

barter:
v. Syn. trade; exchange
(trao đổi) trade goods or services without the exchange of money

baseball:
n.
(chày) game played with a bat and ball by two opposing teams of nine players; ball used in this game

basement:
n. Syn. cellar
(tầng hầm) cellar; storage room

basin:
n.
(lưu vực) bowl-shaped vessel, usually used for holding food or liquids

bathe:
v. Syn. lave; immerse
(tắm) wash by immersion, as in a bath; subject to bath; lave; immerse or cover one’s self

batter:
v.
(đập) beat with successive blows; beat repeatedly and with violence

battery:
n.
(pin) beating or pounding; set of guns or heavy artillery; dry cell that produces electric current

bay:
n.
(bay) inlet of the sea, usually smaller than a gulf; small body of water set off from the main body

bazaar:
n.
(chợ) market consisting of a street lined with shops and stalls, especially one in the Middle East

bead:
n. Syn. pearl; drops; droplet
(hạt) small piece of material, such as glass, plastic, or wood, that is pierced for stringing

beak:
n. Syn. nib
(mỏ) nib ;horny projecting mouth of a bird

beam:
n. Syn. rafter; brace
(chùm) ray of light; long piece of metal or wood; long piece fixed or movable in structure, machine, or tool

bean:
n.
(đậu) various edible seeds; small oval or roundish seed, berry, nut, or lump

bear:
v. Syn. support; sustain
(chịu) support; sustain; carry; have; yield; give birth; hold up or support

bearing:
n.
(chịu) carrying another part; patient endurance; suffering without complaint; act of producing or giving birth

beat:
v. Syn. whip; strike; defeat
(đánh) whip; strike; defeat; hit repeatedly

become:
v.
(trở thành) suit or be suitable to; be worthy of, or proper for; cause to appear well; grow or come to be

beforehand:
ad. Syn. previously; aforetime
(trước) in state of anticipation; in advance; by way of preparation

behalf:
n. Syn. represent
(thay) represent; advantage, benefit, interest of someone

behave:
v. Syn. perform; behave oneself
(cư xử) perform; conduct oneself in a proper way

behavior:
n. Syn. conduct; manner
(hành vi) conduct; manner

belly:
n.
(bụng) part of human body which extends downward from breast to thighs, and contains bowels; womb

beloved:
a.
(yêu) greatly loved; dear to the heart

below:
ad. Syn. beneath; under
(dưới đây) under, or lower in place; beneath not so high; inferior to in rank; unworthy of

bend:
v.
(cong) strain or move out of a straight line; curve; turn toward some certain point

beneath:
ad. Syn. below; under
(dưới) lower in place, with something directly over or on; under; underneath; below

beneficial:
a. Syn. helpful; useful
(lợi) helpful; tending to promote physical well-being

beneficiary:
n.
(hưởng) person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will

benefit:
n. Syn. welfare; gain
(lợi ích) advantage; something that aids or promotes well-being ; welfare; gain

benevolent:
a. Syn. generous; charitable
(nhân từ) generous in providing aid to others; charitable

bent:
a.
(cong) determined to do or have

besides:
ad.
(ngoài) over and above; separate or distinct from; in addition to; other than

bestow:
v. Syn. present
(ban) give as gift; present

bet:
n.
(cược) stake or pledge upon the event of a contingent issue; amount or object risked in a wager

betray:
v. Syn. reveal
(phản bội) be unfaithful; reveal unconsciously or unwillingly

beverage:
n. Syn. refreshment
(thức uống) liquids for drinking, usually excluding water; refreshment

bewilder:
v. Syn. confuse
(chưng hửng) lead into perplexity or confusion; perplex with mazes

bias:
n. Syn. prejudice; preference
(thiên vị) preference or inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment; influence in unfair way

bid:
v.
(thầu) make an offer of; propose; offer in words; declare, as a wish, a greeting, a threat, or defiance

bill:
n. Syn. invoice
(hóa đơn) invoice; act; proposal; statement or list of particulars, such as a theater program or menu

billion:
n.
(tỷ) the number that is represented as a one followed by 9 zeros

bind:
v. Syn. contract; cohere; stick
(liên kết) tie, or confine with a cord, band, or chain; make fast; contract; cohere or stick together

biographer:
n.
(tiểu sử) one who writes a book about somebody’s life

biography:
n.
(tiểu sử) an account of the series of events making up a person’s life; accounts of people’s life

biologist:
n.
(sinh vật học) scientist who studies living organisms

bite:
v.
(cắn) pierce skin with teeth; seize with the teeth; sting with a stinger; eat into; have a sharp taste

bitter:
a. Syn. painful; acrid; acrimonious
(đắng) harsh or corrosive in tone; painful; acrid; acrimonious

bitterness:
n.
(đắng) sharp and bitter manner

blacksmith:
n.
(thợ rèn) one who forges and shapes iron with a hammer and anvil

blade:
n.
(lưỡi) flat part of the leaf, of any plant, especially of gramineous plants; cutting part of an instrument

blame:
v. Syn. condemn; rebuke
(lỗi) condemn; rebuke; find fault with; censure

blank:
a.
(trống) of a white or pale color; without color; empty; void

blanket:
n.
(chăn) heavy, loosely woven fabric, usually of wool, and having a nap, used in bed clothing

blast:
n. Syn. explode; burst
(nổ) explode; burst; gale; very strong gust of wind or air

blaze:
n. Syn. flame
(đám cháy) brilliant burst of fire; destructive fire; flame

bleach:
v. Syn. whiten; blanch
(thuốc tẩy) make white or colorless; blanch

bleed:
v.
(chảy máu) emit blood; lose blood; withdraw blood from the body

blend:
n. Syn. combination; mixture
(pha trộn) combination; mixture; forming uniform mixture

bless:
v.
(ban phước) make or pronounce holy; consecrate; make happy

blessing:
n. Syn. boon; benediction
(phước) praying for divine protection; formal act of giving approval

blink:
v. Syn. wink
(nhấp nháy) shut eyes briefly; wink

block:
v. Syn. chunk
(chặn) hinder; obstruct; indicate broadly without great detail; sketch

bloom:
n. Syn. flower; blossom
(hoa) flower; blossom; best time of youth; period of greatest prosperity or productivity

blossom:
n.
(hoa) reproductive organ of plants, especially one having showy or colorful parts

blot:
n.
(blot) spot or stain, as of ink on paper; blur; weak point or failing

blunder:
n. Syn. error
(sai lầm) serious mistake typically caused by ignorance or confusion

blunt:
a. Syn. insensitive
(cùn) having a dull edge or end; not sharp; lacking in feeling; insensitive

blush:
v.
(đỏ) become rosy or reddish; turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame

board:
n. Syn. lumber; plank
(Ban) a committee having supervisory powers; a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose

boarding:
n.
(lên) wooden boards collectively; act of entering a ship; supplying with meals and lodgings for pay

boast:
v. Syn. brag; vaunt
(khoe khoang) show off oneself; speak of with excessive pride

bodyguard:
n.
(vệ sĩ) guard to protect or defend person; lifeguard

boil:
v.
(sôi) be agitated; pass from a liquid to vapor when heated; be excited with passion; heat in water

bold:
a. Syn. brave; daring; intrepid; impudent
(đậm) brave; daring; intrepid; impudent

bolt:
v. Syn. dash
(chốt) dash or dart off; move or jump suddenly

bond:
n. Syn. link; tie; connection
(trái phiếu) link; connection; uniting force or tie; binding agreement; duty

bonus:
n.
(thưởng) an extra dividend to the shareholders; money paid in addition to a stated compensation

bookcase:
n.
(tủ sách) case with shelves for holding books, especially one with glazed doors

boom:
n. Syn. bonanza; prosperity
(bùng nổ) bonanza; prosperity; prosper; expand; flourish

booming:
a.
(bùng nổ) deep and resonant; flourishing; thriving

boost:
v. Syn. raise; advance
(tăng) raise; advance; push or shove upward

booth:
n.
(gian hàng) house or shed built for temporary occupation; covered stall or temporary structure

border:
n.
(biên giới) outer part or edge of anything, as of a garment, a garden; margin; verge; brink; boundary

bore:
v. Syn. drill
(chịu) drill; make a hole in or through, with or as if with a drill

boring:
a. Syn. tiresome; tedious
(chán) uninteresting and tiresome; dull

bother:
v. Syn. disturb; puzzle
(phiền) annoy; trouble; make agitated or nervous; fluster

bounce:
v. Syn. jolt; rebound
(thoát) jolt; rebound after having struck an object or a surface

bound:
n. Syn. limit; constraint
(ràng buộc) tied; held; committed; limit; constraint; leap; jump

boundary:
n. Syn. border; frontier
(ranh giới) dividing line; border; frontier

bourgeois:
a.
(tư sản) middle class; selfishly materialistic; dully conventional

bow:
n.
(cung) inclination of head, or bending of body for reverence, respect, civility, or submission; bending or rounded part of ship forward

bowl:
v.
(bát) throw or roll a ball; move quickly and smoothly, especially by rolling

boycott:
v.
(tẩy chay) refrain from buying or using

brace:
n.
(nẹp) something which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly, as bandage, cord, or rod;

brain:
n. Syn. intelligence; intellect
(não) organ or seat of intellect; understanding or imagination

brake:
n.
(phanh) a piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by friction

brand:
n.
(thương hiệu) burning piece of wood; mark made by burning with a hot iron; distinctive mark upon in any way

breach:
n. Syn. violation; infringement
(vi phạm) breaking of contract or duty

bth:
n. Syn. width; extent
(rộng) measure or dimension from side to side; width; extent

break:
n.
(nghỉ) opportunity to do something; pause or interval, as from work; sudden change

breakdown:
n.
(cố) process of failing to function or continue; sudden collapse in physical or mental health; summary of itemized data

breakthrough:
n.
(đột phá) act of overcoming or penetrating an obstacle or restriction

breath:
n.
(thở) air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration

breathe:
v. Syn. respire
(thở) respire; inhale and exhale air

breed:
v. Syn. raise; hatch; mate
(giống) raise; produce offspring; give birth to or hatch; mate

breeze:
n. Syn. light wind
(khoe) light current of air; gentle wind; progress swiftly and effortlessly

bribe:
n.
(hối lộ) something serving to influence or persuade; reward or gift with a view to prevent judgment

bridle:
n.
(bridle) headgear with which a horse is directed and which carries a bit and reins

brief:
a.
(ngắn) short in time, duration, length, or extent; concise

brighten:
v. Syn. lighten
(sáng) lighten; cheer; encourage; make or become bright or brighter

brilliance:
n. Syn. cleverness; magnificence
(sáng chói) cleverness; magnificence

brilliant:
a.
(rực rỡ) full of light; shining; bright; sharp and clear in tone

brim:
n. Syn. brink; edge
(vành) brink; edge

brink:
n. Syn. verge; border
(bờ vực) edge, margin, or border of a steep place verge

brisk:
a. Syn. energetic; swift
(nhanh) marked by speed, liveliness, and vigor; energetic; swift; keen or sharp in speech or manner

brittle:
a.
(giòn) easily broken; having little elasticity

broadcast:
n.
(phát sóng) message that is transmitted by radio or television; radio or television show

broaden:
v. Syn. widen; expand
(mở rộng) widen; grow broad or broader

brochure:
n. Syn. pamphlet
(Tài liệu) pamphlet; small book usually having paper cover

bronze:
n.
(đồng) an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements

brood:
v.
(bố mẹ) think long and anxiously; be in a state of gloomy, serious thought

brook:
n. Syn. creek; stream
(suối) creek; stream

brown:
a.
(nâu) of dark color, of various shades between black and red or yellow

bruise:
v.
(vết bầm tím) injure, as by a blow or collision; contuse; fight with the fists

brutal:
a.
(tàn bạo) like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; merciless

brute:
a.
(bạo) not having sensation; senseless; inanimate; unconscious; without intelligence

bubble:
n. Syn. foam
(bong bóng) foam; dome-shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic; fantastic or impracticable idea or belief

bucket:
n.
(xô) vessel for drawing up water from a well; vessel for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain

bud:
n. Syn. shoot; sprout
(chồi) one that is not yet fully developed; sprout

budget:
n. Syn. estimate
(ngân sách) estimate; a sum of money allocated for a particular purpose

buffet:
n.
(buffet) table with food set out for people to serve themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that’s been set out

bug:
n.
(lỗi) general name applied to various insects

bulb:
n.
(bóng) rounded part of a cylindrical structure; electric lamp consisting of a glass ball

bulk:
n. Syn. majority; mass
(số lượng lớn) majority; main part; volume; mass

bulky:
a. Syn. cumbersome; unwieldy; clumsy
(cồng kềnh) of large size for its weight

bull:
n.
(bò) male of any species of cattle; large, strong, and aggressive person; optimist regarding business conditions

bulletin:
n.
(tin) brief statement of facts; any public notice or announcement; a periodical publication

bullion:
n.
(vàng) gold and silver in the form of bars

bump:
n. Syn. lump; bulge
(băng) impact as from a collision; lump on the body caused by a blow

bunch:
n. Syn. clump; cluster; gathering
(bó) clump; cluster; gathering

bundle:
n. Syn. packet; parcel
(bó) packet; a package of things tied together; a large sum of money

burdensome:
a.
(phiền) not easily borne; wearing; causing uneasiness or fatigue

bureaucracy:
n.
(quan liêu) over-regulated administrative system

burial:
n. Syn. grave
(mai táng) grave or tomb; ritual placing of a corpse in a grave; concealing something under the ground

bush:
n. Syn. shrub
(bụi) place abounding in trees or shrubs; wild forest

business:
n.
(kinh doanh) rightful concern or responsibility; occupation, work, or trade in which a person is engaged; commercial enterprise

butcher:
n. Syn. slaughterer
(hàng thịt) one whose job is to kill animals for food; one who kills in large numbers, or with unusual cruelty; vendor, especially on train or in theater

butter:
n.
(bơ) oily, unctuous substance obtained from cream or milk by churning

butterfly:
n.
(bướm) insect typically having a slender body with broad colorful wings

buzz:
n.
(buzz) confusion of activity and gossip; sound of rapid vibration

bygone:
a.
(bygone) past; gone by

bypass:
n.
(bỏ qua) channel used to conduct gas or liquid around another pipe or a fixture; conductor having low resistance in parallel

by-product:
n.
(by-sản phẩm) product made during the manufacture of something else

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