Kết nối

[IELTS Reading] – Test 1: The animal kingdom and the ocean

234 lượt xem 
 Cập nhật lần cuối: 28/10/2023 lúc 23:41:45
Thể loại: IELTS, Tiếng Anh 

In the IELTS Reading test, you will be provided with a passage to read, and you will need to answer a series of questions based on that passage.

Questions

PASSAGE 1

The animal kingdom, comprising a vast array of species, is a source of endless wonder and intrigue. These creatures, both great and small, exhibit a wide range of adaptations and behaviors that have evolved over millions of years to help them survive and thrive in their respective environments. Understanding this diversity is not only essential for scientific knowledge but also for the conservation of ecosystems and the well-being of our planet.

The animal kingdom can be broadly categorized into two groups: invertebrates and vertebrates. Invertebrates, which constitute the majority of animal species, lack a backbone. They include insects, arachnids, mollusks, and crustaceans. Insects are the most diverse among invertebrates, with over a million known species. They play a pivotal role in ecosystems as pollinators, aiding in the reproduction of numerous plant species and contributing to global food production. Arachnids, on the other hand, serve both as predators and prey, playing vital roles in various food webs.

Vertebrates, animals with a backbone, encompass groups such as fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Fish, one of the oldest vertebrate groups, exhibit an astonishing diversity of adaptations. From bioluminescent anglerfish in the abyssal depths to migratory salmon, their range of adaptations is staggering. Amphibians, with their unique life cycle involving both aquatic and terrestrial phases, have faced population declines due to habitat loss and disease.

Reptiles, including creatures like crocodiles, turtles, and snakes, are known for their diverse reproductive strategies, from egg-laying to live-bearing. Birds, characterized by feathers, have conquered the skies, demonstrating remarkable adaptations for flight and migration. Their role in seed dispersal and insect control benefits ecosystems worldwide.

Mammals, which encompass animals from tiny shrews to massive whales, are the only group that consistently nurses their young with milk. They display diverse adaptations to various ecological niches, including the echolocation abilities of bats and the swift speed of cheetahs. The complex social structures of elephants and the problem-solving abilities of primates like chimpanzees highlight the cognitive diversity within this group.

Despite the captivating diversity of the animal kingdom, numerous species are under threat due to habitat destruction, pollution, climate change, and poaching. The loss of biodiversity has far-reaching consequences for ecosystems and, consequently, human societies. Preserving and understanding the animal world is not only an ethical imperative but a practical necessity for the health of our planet.

1. What is the main focus of the passage?
A. The diversity of invertebrates
B. The classification of animal species
C. The importance of mammals in ecosystems
D. The significance of understanding the animal kingdom

2. Which of the following is a unique feature of amphibians?
A. Diverse reproductive strategies
B. Feathers for flight
C. A backbone
D. A life cycle involving both aquatic and terrestrial phases

3. What is the primary role of insects in ecosystems?
A. Serving as prey for other animals
B. Controlling the population of plants
C. Aiding in plant reproduction as pollinators
D. Conquering the skies

4. What distinguishes mammals from other animal groups?
A. Their consistent practice of nursing their young with milk
B. Their ability to fly
C. Their diverse reproductive strategies
D. Their role in seed dispersal and insect control

5. According to the passage, why is the preservation and understanding of the animal world crucial?
A. To ensure the survival of all species
B. To maintain the diversity of animal species
C. To conquer the skies
D. To eliminate poaching and habitat destruction

PASSAGE 2

The ocean, covering more than 70% of the Earth’s surface, is a vast and mysterious realm that holds critical importance for life on our planet. Its depths, from the sunlit shallows to the abyssal plains, harbor a remarkable diversity of species and ecosystems. Understanding the ocean’s significance and the challenges it faces is paramount in our efforts to protect and preserve this vital resource.

The ocean plays a crucial role in regulating the Earth’s climate. Oceans absorb heat from the sun and store it, releasing it slowly, thus helping to maintain stable global temperatures. Additionally, the ocean acts as a massive carbon sink, absorbing and storing vast amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This carbon regulation process helps mitigate the impact of greenhouse gases and global warming.

The marine environment is home to an astonishing array of life, from the smallest phytoplankton to the largest whales. Coral reefs, often referred to as the “rainforests of the sea,” provide shelter and sustenance to numerous marine species. Mangrove forests, with their intricate root systems, serve as nurseries for fish and protect coastlines from erosion.

Liên quan:  [IELTS Writing Task 2] - Test 1: Public transportation

Marine biodiversity is not only fascinating but also essential for our well-being. Many marine species are sources of food, medicine, and livelihoods for coastal communities. The ocean’s resources, including fish and seafood, are critical for global food security, providing sustenance for billions of people worldwide.

However, the ocean is facing a multitude of challenges. Overfishing, driven by increased demand for seafood, threatens the sustainability of fish populations. Pollution, including plastic waste, chemicals, and oil spills, contaminates marine environments and harms marine life. Rising ocean temperatures and ocean acidification, driven by climate change, have severe consequences for coral reefs and other marine ecosystems.

The preservation of the ocean’s health is a global responsibility. International agreements and conservation efforts are in place to protect vulnerable marine areas and curb destructive fishing practices. Efforts are also underway to reduce plastic waste and address climate change through greenhouse gas emission reduction.

In conclusion, the ocean is a vital component of Earth’s ecosystem, regulating climate and sustaining diverse life forms. Its well-being is interconnected with human well-being. As we face global challenges such as climate change and overexploitation of resources, it’s essential to recognize the importance of the ocean and take concerted action to ensure its continued health.

6. What is the primary focus of this passage?
A. The challenges facing the ocean.
B. Marine biodiversity and its importance.
C. The role of coral reefs in the marine environment.
D. The impact of ocean pollution.

7. How does the ocean help mitigate global warming, as mentioned in the passage?
A. By releasing stored heat quickly.
B. By acting as a carbon sink.
C. By increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels.
D. By causing fluctuations in global temperatures.

8. Which of the following is described as the “rainforests of the sea” in the passage?
A. Phytoplankton.
B. Mangrove forests.
C. Coral reefs.
D. Whales.

9. What is one of the major challenges the ocean faces today, as mentioned in the passage?
A. Excessive carbon emissions from the ocean.
B. Insufficient marine biodiversity.
C. Overfishing driven by high seafood demand.
D. Lack of international agreements to protect marine areas.

10. According to the passage, why is marine biodiversity important?
A. To increase carbon dioxide levels in the ocean.
B. To provide livelihoods for coastal communities.
C. To mitigate ocean acidification.
D. To reduce pollution in the marine environment.

Answers


1D, 2D, 3C, 4A, 5B, 6B, 7B, 8C, 9C, 10B

1. The main focus of the passage is the significance of understanding the animal kingdom. Therefore, the correct answer is D.

2. Amphibians have a unique life cycle involving both aquatic and terrestrial phases, which is mentioned in the passage. The correct answer is D.

3. Insects play a pivotal role in ecosystems as pollinators, aiding in the reproduction of numerous plant species. Therefore, the correct answer is C.

4. Mammals are distinguished from other animal groups by their consistent practice of nursing their young with milk, as mentioned in the passage. The correct answer is A.

5. According to the passage, the preservation and understanding of the animal world are crucial to maintain the diversity of animal species and to address various threats like habitat destruction, pollution, and poaching. Therefore, the correct answer is B.

6. The primary focus of this passage is Marine biodiversity and its importance (Option B). While the passage discusses challenges facing the ocean and the role of coral reefs, the primary emphasis is on the significance of marine biodiversity.

7. The ocean helps mitigate global warming by acting as a carbon sink (Option B). It absorbs and stores carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, which helps reduce the impact of greenhouse gases and global warming.

8. The “rainforests of the sea” are Coral reefs (Option C), as mentioned in the passage.

9. One of the major challenges the ocean faces today, as mentioned in the passage, is Overfishing driven by high seafood demand (Option C).

10. According to the passage, marine biodiversity is important To provide livelihoods for coastal communities (Option B) and for other ecological reasons. It helps support fisheries and the well-being of coastal populations.

Trích dẫn bài viết
  • APA:
    Dammio. (2023). [IELTS Reading] – Test 1: The animal kingdom and the ocean. https://www.dammio.com/2023/10/24/ielts-reading-test-1-the-animal-kingdom-and-the-ocean.
  • BibTeX:
    @misc{dammio,
    author = {Dammio},
    title = {[IELTS Reading] – Test 1: The animal kingdom and the ocean},
    year = {2023},
    url = {https://www.dammio.com/2023/10/24/ielts-reading-test-1-the-animal-kingdom-and-the-ocean},
    urldate = {2024-05-15}
    }
Theo dõi
Thông báo của
guest
0 Góp ý
Phản hồi nội tuyến
Xem tất cả bình luận
0
Rất thích suy nghĩ của bạn, hãy bình luận.x