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[IELTS Reading] – Test 3: The “Silk Road” and abstract art

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Thể loại: IELTS, Tiếng Anh 

In the IELTS Reading test, you will be provided with a passage to read, and you will need to answer a series of questions based on that passage.

Questions

PASSAGE 1

The Silk Road, a network of trade routes that extended across Eurasia, played a pivotal role in shaping the course of human history. The term “Silk Road” was coined by the German geographer Ferdinand von Richthofen in the late 19th century. It referred to a complex system of interconnected routes that facilitated trade, cultural interactions, and the exchange of ideas. The Silk Road existed long before the term was coined, dating back to the Han Dynasty in China.

The Silk Road was not merely about silk but served as a conduit for a wide array of goods, including spices, precious metals, textiles, and ceramics. These traded commodities fostered cross-cultural interactions, with merchants, explorers, and scholars traveling along these routes, sharing knowledge and traditions.

The Silk Road played a significant role in the diffusion of cultures, religions, and philosophies. It facilitated the spread of Buddhism from India to East Asia, the exchange of Islamic and Greco-Roman knowledge, and the transmission of Chinese technology to the West. This cultural exchange enriched societies and encouraged intellectual progress.

1. What is the historical significance of the Silk Road?
a) It was a network of military routes that shaped warfare in Eurasia.
b) It served as a trade route for silk production and export.
c) It played a pivotal role in shaping human history through trade and cultural exchange.
d) It was primarily a transportation network for the Roman Empire.

2. Who is credited with coining the term “Silk Road”?
a) Marco Polo
b) Ferdinand von Richthofen
c) Genghis Khan
d) Alexander the Great

3. What types of goods were traded on the Silk Road?
a) Only silk and spices.
b) A wide array of goods, including spices, metals, textiles, and ceramics.
c) Precious gems and jewelry.
d) Fruits and vegetables.

4. What did the Silk Road facilitate in terms of cultural exchange?
a) The spread of Christianity from the West to the East.
b) The exchange of Islamic knowledge only.
c) The diffusion of cultures, religions, and knowledge.
d) The isolation of civilizations along its route.

5. Which religion spread from India to East Asia via the Silk Road?
a) Islam
b) Buddhism
c) Christianity
d) Judaism

PASSAGE 2

Abstract art has been a source of fascination and debate for art enthusiasts and scholars alike. Abstract art emerged in the early 20th century as a significant departure from traditional, representational art. Artists such as Wassily Kandinsky and Kazimir Malevich broke away from the confines of figurative representation to explore the emotional and abstract aspects of art.

One of the most intriguing aspects of abstract art is its ambiguity. Abstract artworks often lack clear subject matter, allowing viewers to project their interpretations onto the canvas. This interpretive freedom has been both celebrated and criticized, with some arguing that it can lead to a lack of understanding.

Color and form are central elements in abstract art. Artists like Piet Mondrian used geometric shapes and primary colors to create a sense of balance and harmony. Others, like Mark Rothko, used color to evoke deep emotional responses, leaving viewers to contemplate the meaning behind the hues.

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6. When did abstract art first emerge as a significant departure from traditional, representational art?
a) In the late 19th century
b) In the early 20th century
c) In the Renaissance period
d) In the 18th century

7. What is one of the most intriguing aspects of abstract art mentioned in the passage?
a) Its historical significance
b) Its lack of emotion
c) Its interpretive ambiguity
d) Its clear subject matter

8. Who is known for using geometric shapes and primary colors in abstract art to create balance and harmony?
a) Wassily Kandinsky
b) Kazimir Malevich
c) Piet Mondrian
d) Mark Rothko

9. How do abstract artworks differ from traditional, representational art?
a) They rely on clear subject matter.
b) They lack interpretive ambiguity.
c) They focus on historical significance.
d) They explore emotional and abstract aspects.

10. What is the role of color and form in abstract art, according to the reading?
a) Color is used for historical references, and form is used for emotional expression.
b) Color and form are irrelevant in abstract art.
c) Color and form are central elements that convey balance, harmony, and emotions.
d) Color is used to convey clear subject matter.

Answers


1C, 2B, 3B, 4C, 5B, 6B, 7C, 8C, 9D, 10C

1. Answer: c) It played a pivotal role in shaping human history through trade and cultural exchange. The historical significance of the Silk Road lies in its role as a network of trade routes that shaped human history through trade and cultural exchange.

2. Answer: b) Ferdinand von Richthofen. Ferdinand von Richthofen is credited with coining the term “Silk Road” in the late 19th century.

3. Answer: b) A wide array of goods, including spices, metals, textiles, and ceramics. The Silk Road facilitated the trade of various goods, not limited to just silk and spices.

4. Answer: c) The diffusion of cultures, religions, and knowledge. The Silk Road facilitated the diffusion of cultures, religions, and knowledge, enriching societies and encouraging intellectual progress.

5. Answer: b) Buddhism. Buddhism spread from India to East Asia via the Silk Road, facilitated by cultural exchanges and trade along these routes.

6. Answer: b) In the early 20th century. Abstract art emerged as a significant departure from traditional, representational art in the early 20th century.

7. Answer: c) Its interpretive ambiguity. The passage mentions that one of the most intriguing aspects of abstract art is its interpretive ambiguity, which allows viewers to project their interpretations onto the canvas.

8. Answer: c) Piet Mondrian. Piet Mondrian is known for using geometric shapes and primary colors in abstract art to create balance and harmony.

9. Answer: d) They explore emotional and abstract aspects. Abstract artworks differ from traditional, representational art in that they explore emotional and abstract aspects rather than relying on clear subject matter.

10. Answer: c) Color and form are central elements that convey balance, harmony, and emotions. According to the reading, color and form are central elements in abstract art, conveying balance, harmony, and emotions.

Trích dẫn bài viết
  • APA:
    Dammio. (2023). [IELTS Reading] – Test 3: The “Silk Road” and abstract art. https://www.dammio.com/2023/10/28/ielts-reading-test-3-the-silk-road-and-abstract-art.
  • BibTeX:
    @misc{dammio,
    author = {Dammio},
    title = {[IELTS Reading] – Test 3: The “Silk Road” and abstract art},
    year = {2023},
    url = {https://www.dammio.com/2023/10/28/ielts-reading-test-3-the-silk-road-and-abstract-art},
    urldate = {2024-05-15}
    }
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