To give up completely – abandoned the sinking ship.
Synonyms: relinquish, forgo, forsake
To lose self-confidence; to confuse, put to shame – abashed before the assembled dignitaries.
Synonyms: fluster, disconcert, discomfit, discompose
Antonym: (adj.) self-possessed
To give up claim to – abdicated the throne
Synonyms: renounce, abandon, relinquish
To encourage -or support – treacherously abetted the enemy.
Synonyms: spur, incite
To shorten – abridged his lengthy speech.
Synonyms: curtail, diminish, retrench
Anthonyms: protract, elongate, amplify
To abolish or render void – a treaty abrogated by mutual consent.
Synonyms: annul, nullify, rescind, void
Moderate in the use of food or drink – abstemious in his habits.
Pertaining to school; theoretical academic interests; an academic discussion, with no practical implications.
To agree to -accede to a request.
To quicken, speed tip – took an accelerated course in order to graduate early.
Synonym: expedite (adj. expeditious)
An award or salute – a tremendous accolade for a returning hero.
Synonyms: tribute, ovation
Agreement or harmony – in full accord with his view.
Synonyms: concord, concurrence
Antonyms: dissension, discord
Sharp or harsh in language or temper – stung by the acrimonious remark.
Synonyms: caustic, acerb, pungent, tart, mordant, acrid; (noun) asperity
Antonyms: suave, affable
Keenness of mind or insight – showing exceptional business acumen.
Synonyms: perspicacity, discernment, perception
(noun: ADMONITION): To warn or find fault gently – admonishing the unruly child.
Synonyms: chide, caution, reprimand, reprehend, reproach
(adj.: ADVERSE): An opponent – his adversary in a bitter debate.
Antonyms: cohort, confederate, ally, accomplice.
Misfortune – calm in the face of adversity.
Synonyms: affliction, mischance, reverses
Pertaining to the beautiful – interested in aesthetic values rather than in purely practical affairs.
Sociable, courteous, and agreeable in manner a much admired, affable gentleman.
Synonyms: civil, complaisant, benign, gracious, genial, urbane, cordial
Antonyms: curt, brusque, rude, boorish, surly
Prosperous, flourishing; copious – a large bequest from an affluent grandfather.
Synonyms: opulent, profuse
Antonyms: destitute, impecunious
(noun: AGGRESSION. an unprovoked attack): self-assertive; attacking, offensive – annoyed people by his aggressive attitude;
Synonyms: bumptious, officious, obtrusive
Antonyms: meek, humble, retiring, diffident
Eagerness; cheerful promptness – responded to the flattering offer with alacrity.
Synonyms: celerity, briskness, energy, animation
Antonyms: apathy, nonchalance, sluggishness, lethargy, phlegmatism
To estrange – altenated by his gruff manner.
To calm; to lessen in severity – at ease now that his fears have been allayed.
Synonyms: appease, alleviate, pacify, assuage, abate, mitigate, propitiate, mollify, placate
Antonyms: intensify, aggravate
(noun: ALLUSION): To refer to indirectly – alluded quite subtly to his friend’s misfortune.
Synonyms: insinuate, intimate, imply
Antonyms: refer, cite
To tempt by flattery or an attractive offer – allured by the prospect of a new job.
Synonyms: lure, decoy, inveigle, entice, seduce, wheedle, beguile, cajole
Uncertain, vague, capable of being inter- in more than one way – puzzled by the ambiguous statement.
Synonyms: hazy, obscure, equivocal, dubious, nebulous
Antonyms: explicit, unquestionable
Obedient; willing to submit – amenable to the suggestion.
Synonyms: tractable, docile, responsive
Antonyms: intractable, refractory, recalcitrant
Good-natured; friendly – attracted friends by his amiable disposition.
A thing placed or occurring out of its normal time – A machine gun at the Battle of Yorktown would be an anachronism.
(adj.: ANALOGOUS): A relation between two things shown in the resemblance not of the things themselves but of their characteristics- He indicated points of analogy between the two situations.
Synonyms: correspondence, affinity
Antonym: anomaly (a deviation from the general rule)
State of confusion or lawlessness – a country brought to utter anarchy by civil war.
Synonyms: chaos, pandemonium
A feeling of hatred-felt no animus, even against the enemy.
Synonyms: enmity, rancor, malevolence, animosity
Historical records – in the annals of literature.
Of unknown authorship-an anonymous publication.
A collection of choice literary works – an anthology of modern poetry.
(adj.: ANTITHETICAL): Contrast; the direct opposite – His selfish attitude seemed to me the antithesis o patriotism.
(adj.: APATHETIC): Lack of feeling, emotion, or interest – attributed his failure to apathy, rather than lack of ability.
Synonyms: torpor, lethargy, sluggishness, listlessness, languor, lassitude, dispassion; (verb) languish
Antonyms: zeal, animation
(verb: APPREHEND): Fearful – Being unprepared, John is apprehensive of the examination.
To inform – apprisedhis lieutenants of the new situation.
Approval; praise -a plan that met with hearty approbation.
Synonyms: sanction, commendation
Synonyms: sanction, commendation
(noun: APTITUDE, APTNESS):
(1) Likely; inclined or disposed – apt to succeed. Synonym: prone
(2) Fit, suitable – an apt remark.
Synonyms: appropriate, felicitous
(3) Skillful, expert – apt at woodcarving.
Synonyms: deft, dextrous, adept. Antonym: inept
A person who has authority to decide matters in dispute – a fair decision rendered by the arbiter.
Synonyms: mediator, arbitrator
An original pattern – copies reproduced from the archetype.
Antonyms: Stereotype, facsimile, replica
Dry; barren – the arid desert land.
Synonyms. jejune, parched
Antonyms: arable, fertile
Government by the best people; a privileged class -special privileges enjoyed by the aristocracy.
A temporary suspension of hostilities. The armistice halted the war.
Sly; crafty – attained his mean objective by artful measures.
Synonyms: cunning, wily, adroit, ingenious, guileful
Antonyms: guileless, ingenuous, artless
(verb): To speak clearly or distinctly – articulated slowly so that he could not be misunderstood.
(adj.): Capable of speech; distinct, clear – an articulate man, always ready to give his views.
Rigorously self-denying – pursued the ascetic life of a monk.
Synonyms: austere, abstinent
Antonyms: wanton, self-indulgent
With distrust – looked askance at the forged signature.
To declare positively; to confirm – asseverated his views with conviction.
Synonyms: assert, avouch, aver, avow, allege
Antonyms: gainsay, controvert, recant, rescind, abjure, disavow
Industrious – an assiduous worker, toiling long hours.
Synonyms: sedulous, attentive, diligent, indefatigable
Antonyms: indolent, slothful
A place offering shelter and retreat -found asylum from persecution.
Synonyms: sanctuary, refuge
One who denies that God exists – The atheist declared, “There is no God.”
Synonyms: infidel, agnostic, skeptic
(verb): Assign -attributed his success to bard work.
(noun): An inherent quality -Generosity was his outstanding attribute.
To increase or enlarge – an army augmented by numerous enlistments.
Synonyms: enhance, amplify – Antonyms: abate, curtail
Indicating a happy outcome – The prospect for this project appears auspicious.
Synonyms: propitious, fortunate
Antonyms: ominous, foreboding
Genuine -proved to be an authentic document.
Synonyms: veritable, bona fide
Antonyms: apocryphal, counterfeit, spurious, bogus
Despotic – feared by the masses as an autocratic ruler.
Excessive greed – a fortune accumulated by avarice and miserliness.
Synonyms: covetousness, cupidity, avidity
Unsymmetrical; not straight – the picture, hanging awry on the wall.
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